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Black Bear           ursus Americanus

Photos by Lynn Rogers (used w/ permission)

The black bear, also less commonly known as Kermode bear, Cinnamon bear, or Glacier bear, is native throughout the Boundary Waters Canoe Area (BWCA).  An adult black bear stands two to three feet at the shoulders and weighs between 250 and 300 pounds. (Record weight:   880 pounds in Craven County, North Carolina, and a close second from northeastern Minnesota weighed 876 pounds on September 5, 1994).  Coat color may vary from light brown to deep black.

Black bears are omnivorous, eating berries, grasses, buds or leaves, nuts, insects, fish, small animals, and carrion. Less than ten percent of a bear's food is animal matter.

While common in the BWCA, bears tend to keep to themselves and will generally shy away from humans.  During a 19-year study of bear/camper encounters in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, only two injuries were reported in 19 million visitor-days.  Care must still be taken with choosing campsites and protecting camp food.

During hibernation, a female will give birth to one to four hairless cubs, weighing only eight to ten ounces and are hairless. They grow rapidly, weigh about five pounds by the time they leave the den, and 60 to 100 pounds by their first year.

Bear's Winter Survival Black Bear Info N. American Bear Center
Backpacker Bear Tips "Lions, Tigers & Bears" NABC Black Bear Info
NABC Kids Area Bear Photography by Lynn Rogers Bear Hunting
Bear Attack Camping with Bears Camping with Bears II
Other Wildlife of the BWCA
Moose White Tailed Deer Red Fox
Wolves & Coyotes Wood Chucks Cougar, Lynx, Bobcat
Rabbits, Squirrels Mink, Martin Chipmunks, Gophers
Porcupines Otters, Beavers, Fisher Mice