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Pipsissewa - Chimaphila umbellata by Erik W. L. Anderson

Pipsissewa - Chimaphila umbellata  by Erik W. L. Anderson (photo taken July 27,2002 at Lake McFarland)

Wildflowers August 7, 2002

Found blooming in Cook County, Minnesota by Lorraine Anderson (Be sure to check out the past reports linked at the right as well!)

Our first wish was to find the bog north of the Ski Hill rd. #64 on the Superior Hiking Trail. After we walked about 30 minutes we were there!! Leatherleaf, Bog Rosemary, gone to seed, Sundew and a small white orchis that we didn't identify until we got home. It had no visible leaves, only a couple small leafy sheaths. The flowers did not spiral either. We now feel quite sure it was a Snowy Orchis (which was not shown in "Orchids of Minnesota" by Welby R. Smith).
We then went to the Forestry - Cascade River Campground to eat and along the shore were these smaller plants with bright red seed pods on top. We somewhat decided they were Pale St. Johnswort but weren't sure. We saw one five petaled flower. Other things we saw while eating lunch were: Arrowhead, Meadowsweet, Water Parsnip, White Dead-Nettle & Joe Pye Weed.

We wanted to see the Pipsissewa and the forest they were in. It is a beautiful forest. 4.8 mi on the Bally Creek Road. from County Road #48. We found blooming, the orchid - Dwarf Rattlesnake-Plantain which was one of the reasons we went there. The Pipsissewa were at their peak, but we couldn't find any Indian Pipes (View photos of Indian Pipes on the BWCA Discussion Board.). What an exciting Wednesday experience!!

Previously I went with my grandson back to Limbo Beach Bog. Many of the flowers we saw before were gone but the Pitcher-plants, Sundew and Cotton Grass were still doing their thing.
Many of the flowers listed below are seen on Highway #61 when on our (almost daily) three mile walk in our beautiful county.

What we saw this week:

Agrimony, Common - Agrimonia gryposepala

Alyssum, Hoary - Berteroa incana*
Arrowhead, Common - Sagittaria latifolia

Aster ssp - one white one purple
Bedstraw, Rough - Galium asprellum

Bellflower, Creeping - Campanula rapunculoides

Bindweed, Fringed - Polygonum cilinode*

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia serotina

Buckwheat, Climbing False - Polygonum scandens
Bur-reeds - Sparganium

Butter & Eggs - Linaria vulgaris
Buttercup, Tall or Common - Ranunculus acris

Chamomile, Scentless - Matricaria maritima

Clover, Hop - Trifolium agratium
Clover, Pink, White & Lavender

Clover, Rabbitsfoot - Trifolium arvense

Clover, Sweet, Yellow, White & Purple

Cow-wheat - Melampyrum lineare*
Daisy, Ox-eye - Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Dock, Curled - Rumex crispus

Dogbane, Spreading - Apocynum androsaemifolium

Everlasting, Pearly - Anaphalis margaritacea

Eyebrite - Euphrasia americana
Fireweed - Epilobium angustifolium

Fleabane, Daisy - Erigeron annus

Gentian, Spurred - Halenia deflexa
Goldenrod ssp.

Hawkweed, Canada - Hieracium canadense*

Heal-all - Prunella vulgaris

Horseweed - Erigeron canadensis*

Jewelweed, Touch-me-not - Impatiens capensis
Joe-Pye Weed, Spotted - Eupatorium maculatum

Knapweed, Spotted - Centaurea maculosa (invasive)*
Lettuce, White - Prenanthes alba*
Loosestrife, Purple - Lythrum salicaria (invasive)*

Meadowsweet - Spiraea
Mint, Wild - Mentha arvensis

Mullein, Common - Verbascum thapsus
Mustard, Wormseed - Erysimum cheiranthoides*
Nettle, White Dead - Lamium album*
Orchis, Snowy - Habenaria nivea***
Parsnip, Water - Sium suave ?

Pigweed or Lamb's Quarters - Chenopodium album
Pineapple Weed - Matricaria matricarioides
Pink, Deptford - Dianthus deltoides
Pipsissewa - Chimaphila umbellata

Plantain, Dwarf Rattlesnake - Goodyera repens***
Primrose, Evening-Oenothera biennis
Pyrola, Round-leaved - Pyrola rotundifolia
St. Johnswort, Common - Hypericum perforatum

Shinleaf - Pyrola elliptica*
Sorrel, Yellow Wood - Oxalis europaea

Spurry, Sand - Spergularia rubra
Tansy - Tanacetum vulgare
Thistle, Bull - Cirsium vulgare
Thistle, Canada - Cirsium arvense
Thistle, Field Sow - Sonchus arvensis
Trefoil, Birdsfoot - Lotus corniculatus

Valerian, Garden/Garden Heliotrope - Valeriana officinalis*

Vetch, Crown - Coronilla varia

Yarrow - Achillea millefolium

Blooming Trees and Shrubs:

Honeysuckle, Northern Bush - Diervilla lonicera

Meadowsweet - Spiraea latifolia*


Berries we saw:
Bearberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi*

Blueberry, Dwarf Sweet - Vaccinium angustifolium
Bunchberries - Cornus canadensis*
Cranberry, Small - Vaccinium oxycoccos*
Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana*
Currant, Upright - Ribes*

Dogwood, Red Osier - Cornus stolonifera
Elderberry, Red-berried - Sambucus pubens

Juneberry - Amelanchier
Raspberry - Rubus idaeus
Sarsaparilla, Wild - Aralia nudicaulis
Strawberry, Common - Fragaria virginiana

Thimbleberry - Rubus parviflorus

*New this week

ssp - subspecies

Books used most often:
Newcomb's "Wildflower Guide"
The Peterson Field Guide Series "A Field Guide to Wildflowers"
George W.D. Symonds "The Shrub Identification Book"
Clayton & Michele Oslund "What's Doin" the Bloomin'?"

Wildflower Links
Celebrating Wildflowers Boundary Waters Wildflowers
Minnesota Native Plant Society
Wildflower Magazine Wildflower Events
Endangered Wildflowers Edible Plants
Native Wildflowers Minnesota Flora

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