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Birdsfoot trefoil is a non-bloating legume that is suitable for use in permanent pastures or for use as a hay crop, either alone or sown in combination with grasses.

Birdsfoot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), a perennial legume--Photo by Erik W. L. Anderson

Wildflowers August 28, 2002

Found blooming in Cook County, Minnesota by Lorraine Anderson (Be sure to check out the past reports linked at the right as well!)

This was a busy day for the group of us so we just had coffee together and discussed "important" things and went our own ways.
It's downhill for the flowers now. The best are along the roadways: Bird's-foot trefoil, Asters, Black-eyed Susans, Goldenrod, Pearly Everlasting, Scentless Chamomile (a type of daisy), Fireweed etc. Some of the grasses are still beautiful, others are past their peak. It is peak time for Raspberries and other pretty fruit that are not edible. Many lovely red Rose Hips.

This is a beautiful time to hike. The weather is cool and there are virtually no bugs. I had company and we took advantage of some of the many trails we have here. Mostly we went on sections of the Superior Hiking Trail.
These are the places we went: Up the Kodunce river and west and down #14; We parked on #58 parking spot and the first time we went by the Devil's Track River and the next time we went east along Woods creek; Mount Rose and High Falls out of Portage;
Oberg Mountain off the Onion River road; and finally from the Caribou Trail to Agnes Lake and having a picnic there before returning.

This will be the last report of the season. Later I will compile it all in alphabetical order with dates.

What we saw this week:

Agrimony, Common - Agrimonia gryposepala

Aster ssp - one white one purple

Bellflower, Creeping - Campanula rapunculoides

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia serotina

Butter & Eggs - Linaria vulgaris
Campion or Lychnis, Evening - Lychnis alba

Carpetweed - Mollugo verticillata

Chamomile, Scentless - Matricaria maritima

Clover, Hop - Trifolium agratium
Clover, Pink, White & Lavender

Clover, Rabbitsfoot - Trifolium arvense

Clover, Sweet, Yellow, White & Purple

Dogbane, Spreading - Apocynum androsaemifolium

Everlasting, Pearly - Anaphalis margaritacea

Eyebrite - Euphrasia americana
Fireweed - Epilobium angustifolium
Goldenrod ssp.

Harebells - Camplanula rotundifolia

Hawkweed, Canada - Hieracium canadense

Heal-all - Prunella vulgaris

Horseweed - Erigeron canadensis

Jewelweed, Touch-me-not - Impatiens capensis
Joe-Pye Weed, Spotted - Eupatorium maculatum

Knapweed, Spotted - Centaurea maculosa (invasive)

Loosestrife, Purple - Lythrum salicaria (invasive)
Mint, Wild - Mentha arvensis

Mullein, Common - Verbascum thapsus
Mustard, Wormseed - Erysimum cheiranthoides
Nettle, White Dead - Lamium album

Pea, Beach - Lathyrus japonicus

Pigweed or Lamb's Quarters - Chenopodium album
Pineapple Weed - Matricaria matricarioides
Pink, Deptford - Dianthus deltoides
Primrose, Evening-Oenothera biennis

St. Johnswort, Common - Hypericum perforatum
Smartweed, Pale - Polygonum lapathifolium
Sorrel, Yellow Wood - Oxalis europaea

Spurry, Sand - Spergularia rubra
Tansy - Tanacetum vulgare

Thimbleweed - Anemone virginiana*
Thistle, Bull - Cirsium vulgare
Thistle, Canada - Cirsium arvense
Thistle, Field Sow - Sonchus arvensis
Trefoil, Birdsfoot - Lotus corniculatus

Yarrow - Achillea millefolium


Berries we saw (edible and non-edible):
Baneberry, Red - Actaea rubra

Bearberry - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi*

Bunchberries - Cornus canadensis
Currant, Upright - Ribes

Dogwood, Red Osier - Cornus stolonifera

Pea, Beach - lathyrus japonicus (tasty) 
Raspberry - Rubus idaeus

Rose Hips
Sarsaparilla, Wild - Aralia nudicaulis

Thimbleberry - Rubus parviflorus

Twisted-stalk Rose - Streptopus roseus  

*New this week

ssp - subspecies

Books used most often:
Newcomb's "Wildflower Guide"
The Peterson Field Guide Series "A Field Guide to Wildflowers"
George W. D. Symonds "The Shrub Identification Book"
Clayton & Michele Oslund "What's Doin" the Bloomin'?"

Additional book used this week:
Welby R. Smith "Orchids of Minnesota"

Wildflower Links
Celebrating Wildflowers Boundary Waters Wildflowers
Minnesota Native Plant Society
Wildflower Magazine Wildflower Events
Endangered Wildflowers Edible Plants
Native Wildflowers Minnesota Flora

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August 14, 2002
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July 31, 2002
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July 17, 2002
July 10, 2002
July 3, 2002
June 5, 2002
May 29, 2002
May 26, 2002
May 22, 2002
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2001 Archive

September 11, 2001

September 4, 2001

August 29, 2001

August 22, 2001

August 15, 2001

August 8, 2001

August 1, 2001

July 25, 2001

July 21, 2001

July 20, 2001

July 11, 2001

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June 27, 2001

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May 30, 2001

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2000 Archives