June 30, 1902,
Commissioner of the General Land Office withdrew 500,000 acres of forest
in Lake and Cook Counties from entry
(659,700 more acres withdrawn in 1905-08)
February 13, 1909,
in Proclamation 848, President Theodore Roosevelt designates the withdrawn area the
"Superior National Forest" at
1,400,000 acres. (It does not include all of the current BWCA.)
1909, Ontario set aside 1,148,000 acres as the Quetico
Forest and Game Reserve
All minerals under lakes and streams declared State property.
Act passed authorizing Secretary of Interior to trade lands for
1922-26 Local chamber of
commerce and the Forest Service plan to build "a road to every lake."
Much of the roads were defeated, but Fernberg Road and Echo Trail were
built. The Gunflint Trail was also extended. In 1926 Agriculture
Secretary William Jardine issued a proclamation establishing 640,000 acres wilderness
area with no roads, only the second such designation in the
The Shipstead-Newton-Nolan Act prohibited
logging within 400 feet of shorelines and the alteration of natural
The Knutson-Vandenberg Act allowed
USFS to levy charges on timber sales
1,000,000 acres set aside as the Superior Primitive Area by Congress
Roosevelt's CCC and other groups build portages. There were 15 CCC
camps in the SNF, each with up to 200 men.
No cut zone established to preserve 362,000 acres of large pine near border
Logging in SRPA and its perimeter. Roads and railroads built.
President Truman banned flying over the
Thye-Blatnick Act began acquisition of resorts,
cabins and private lands within future BWCA
September 3, 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the
Wilderness Act in the White House Rose Garden designating 9 million
acres as wilderness
Supervisor Neff decrees that snowmobiles are winter motor boats and thus
may use same routes as motor boats.
Committee issues 13 Directives increasing no-cut
areas, limiting motorboats and snowmobiles, and establishes visitor
and bottles prohibited in BWCAW. The move was expected to reduce refuse
by 360,000 pounds, saving $90,000 per year on clean up.
Legislature bans mining on waters of BWCA and state lands.
8th District Court of Appeals reverses 1975 Lord decision, thus permitting
virgin timber logging.
banned and motor restrictions set in the BWCA.
Fraser introduces bill in U.S. House of Representatives to give BWCA
full wilderness status.
21 - The BWCA Wilderness Act was passed. This limited the number of
motorized lakes to 16 in 1984. By 1999, only 14 lakes, totaling about
24% of the area's water acreage, would be open to motorized use.
Designation changed to a wilderness area (BWCAW).
BWCAW reappraised under
Thye-Blatnik Act; yearly payment to counties $2.1 million
July 4th Blowdown
affects 300,000 BWCAW acres with 32 percent extensively damaged